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8 Ways For Healthy Teeth

 Healthy Teeth and Gums: What to Do?

Reference: https://www.carolinasdentist.com/reasons-to-care-for-gum-health/ 

It is essential to maintain good oral hygiene in order to maintain the health of the teeth and gums. This includes regular brushing and dental checkups. However, oral health is not limited to cavities or gum disease. Studies have demonstrated a correlation between the health of the mouth and overall health. Experts believe that oral health issues are a global health issue

    Without treatment, tooth decay and gum problems can cause pain, confidence issues, and tooth loss, leading to malnutrition, speech difficulties, and other difficulties in one's professional, educational, and personal life. To prevent these problems, individuals can practice good oral hygiene, both in the home and at the dentist's office. Here are some of the best practices that can help to maintain teeth and gums health.

1. Regularly brush, but don't overdo it.

It is widely accepted that brushing one's teeth twice daily is essential for the removal of plaque and bacteria, as well as for the maintenance of clean teeth. Nevertheless, brushing can only be successful if the correct technique is employed. It is recommended that individuals use small circular motions when brushing, with particular attention to the front, rear and top of each tooth. 

    This should take between two and three minutes. Additionally, brushing should not be done in a sawing motion, as this can cause damage to the enamel and gums. This can lead to tooth sensitivity, the permanent destruction of protective enamel, and the erosion of gum tissue. The ADA recommends using toothbrushes with soft bristles, and recommends replacing them every three months or whenever the ends begin to fray, whichever occurs first.

2. Use Fluoride

    Fluoride is a naturally occurring element in the earth's soil, known as fluorine. It is widely believed to be beneficial in preventing cavities, and is an ingredient in many toothpastes and mouthwashes. However, some dental products contain no fluoride, and some individuals do not use fluoride at all. According to research, a lack of fluoride may result in tooth decay, even when a person takes proper care of their teeth. 

    A recent review concluded that fluoride does not protect a person from cavities when they do not use it. Several organizations, such as the WHO, CDC, and ADA, recommend adding fluoride to the water supply in the United States. To determine if the water in one's area contains fluoride, one can contact their local government. Water filters that use reverse osmosis will remove fluoride, and those who use well water must check the fluoride levels to determine the amount present. Bottled water brands typically do not contain fluoride.

3. Floss once a day

Flossing your teeth once a day is a great way to get rid of plaque and bacteria between your teeth that a toothbrush can’t reach. It’s also a great way to prevent bad breath because it helps remove debris and food from between your teeth. Although there isn’t a lot of research to back up the benefits of flossing, the American Academy of Dental Dentistry (ADA) and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC Trusted Source) both recommend that you floss your teeth at least once a day. 

    Dental health professionals generally recommend that you gently push your floss down to your gumline and then hug the side of your tooth with up and down motions. Don’t snap your floss up or down between your teeth, as this will cause pain and won’t remove as much plaque.

4. It is recommended to visit a dentist on a regular basis.

It is recommended by experts that individuals visit a dentist for a routine checkup every 6 months. During the examination, the teeth are cleaned and any plaque or hardened tartar is removed. The dentist will also look for any visual evidence of cavities or gum disease, as well as any signs of mouth cancer or other oral health problems. In some cases, the dentist may take X-rays of the teeth to assess the presence of cavities. 

    According to a recent review, the results of the study indicated that the ideal frequency for dental checkups is every 6 months in children and adolescents. However, individuals who practice good oral hygiene on a daily basis and are at low risk of developing oral health issues may be at a lower risk of developing cavities. The authors of the review suggest that further studies are necessary to confirm the accuracy of the recommended frequency.

5. Prevent from smoking

The effects of smoking on the body's immune system have been identified by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) as a contributing factor to gum disease, as reported by Trust Source. Additionally, the American Dental Association (ADA) has warned that smokers may experience a delayed healing process after dental procedures. Smoking also has a detrimental effect on the oral health, leading to discoloration of teeth and the tongue, as well as an unpleasant odor in breath.

6. The use of mouthwash should be considered.

Certain mouthwashes have been found to be beneficial for oral health, with some studies suggesting that they may even improve oral health. For instance, a meta-analysis of mouthwashes found that those containing chlorhexidine (an antibacterial ingredient) were effective in controlling plaque and gum inflammation. 

    Additionally, mouthwashes containing certain essential oils were also found to be effective. It is important to consult with a dentist to determine which mouthwash is best suited to one's individual needs. While a mouthwash cannot replace the practice of brushing or flossing, it can supplement these practices. Additionally, there are a variety of mouthwashes available online that may be beneficial for treating bad breath and other dental issues.

7. Consumption of high-sugar foods and starches should be avoided.

The World Health Organization (WHO) and the American Dental Association (ADA) both recommend limiting sugar intake to less than 10 percent of daily calories. In a systematic review, the authors concluded that reducing sugar intake to 5 percent of daily calories would be even more beneficial in preventing cavities and other dental issues. Studies have consistently highlighted the role of sugar in poor dental health outcomes, with candy and desserts being the most common culprits. 

    Furthermore, processed foods often contain added sugar, which can lead to tooth decay. Additionally, the ADA has suggested that starchy food such as cracker, bread, chip, and pasta can also be a source of tooth decay, as these foods remain in the mouth for long periods of time, allowing simple sugars to break down and become acidic, resulting in tooth decay. To avoid cavities, the ADA recommends consuming a variety of fruits and vegetables that are high in fiber, and dairy products that are free of added sugar.

8. Drink Plenty Water

The American Diabetes Association (ADA) has identified sugar-sweetened beverages as the primary source of added sugars in the typical American diet. Drinking sugary beverages, such as sodas, juice, and other beverages, can increase the risk of developing cavities. To reduce the risk of cavities, the ADA recommends consuming water or non-sugary tea throughout the day, and limiting the consumption of sugary beverages to meals and in small amounts.

Tips For Kids

Reference: https://dentalcareofchinohills.com/blog/how-to-keep-your-kids-gums-healthy/

In order to ensure the health of a child's primary teeth, commonly referred to as baby teeth, it is important to introduce appropriate dental care during infancy. Baby teeth are essential for a child's ability to chew and speak, and they serve as a stepping stone for the formation of permanent teeth. If a baby tooth is lost due to decay, it can reduce the size of the mouth and impede the development of the adult tooth. Therefore, it is recommended to adhere to the following practices to maintain a healthy gums and teeth: 

- Wipe a baby's gums daily, even before the presence of any teeth, to remove sugars and to help the baby become accustomed to the sensation of teeth cleaning. 

- Do not put a baby to bed with a bottle or sippy cup, as milk and juice can contain sugars which can lead to tooth decay if left on the tooth for an extended period of time. As the baby approaches one year, begin to introduce sippy cups and aim to eliminate the use of bottles by the first birthday.

It is recommended to allow toddlers to drink water from a sippy cup between meals, however, juice or milk should only be consumed during meal times. After a baby has developed teeth, it is recommended to brush their teeth twice daily with a baby toothbrush. Toothpaste should be used with a small amount of fluoride, no larger than a grain. For children aged 3 to 6, this may be as small as a pea. Caregivers should brush the child's teeth until they are able to brush all of their teeth without assistance. 

It is important to monitor the child to ensure that the toothpaste is spit out. Toothpaste should be kept out of the child's reach when not in use. The American Academy of Pediatrics (ADA) recommends that children visit a dentist within six months of the appearance of their first tooth or at one year of age whichever comes first. Additionally, parents and caregivers should avoid sharing eating utensils or cleaning pacifiers by placing them in the child's mouth, as this can pass the adult's cavities to the child.

Summary

Maintaining good oral health from childhood to adulthood can be beneficial for a person's oral health and overall wellbeing. Regular brushing, flossing, abstaining from smoking, and adhering to a nutritious diet, as well as regular dental check-ups, can help to prevent cavities and gum disease, as well as other dental problems.


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